- Scarlet Bush
- Hummingbird Bush
- African Fire Bush
- Mexican Fire Bush
There are two different Firebush varieties. The Florida native has red/orange or mostly red flowers with dull hairy leaves (Hamelia patens). If the flowers are yellow to red/orange with smooth leaves this is the non-native form (Hamelia patens var. glabra). After doing research I believe mine is probably not a native. There is also a dwarf variety but the origin of these plants can not be determined. There is a new cultivator called “Firefly” with leaves and flowers about half the size of a normal Fire Bush.
The Fire Bush is a VERY hardy tree but does not tolerate cold. My Firebush has died completely back to a stump two years in a row and has grown back quickly.
The foliage of the Firebush attracts various butterflies, moths, and hummingbirds. Last year I had a hummingbird visiting my bush.
After the flowers drop the Firebush produces a black glossy fruit that is a favorite of local birds.
There are many herbal uses for the leaves and fruit of the Firebush and here are some websites to learn more: